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Basic bash scripts for hSDM

Logging in the yale-HPC

 ssh -X

Copy bash setting to your home

 cp -r  /lustre/scratch/client/fas/sbsc/ga254/.bashrc  $HOME/

Copy the data folder to you home directory (Peter , Marta, Kellie, Longzhu)

 cp -r  /lustre/scratch/client/fas/sbsc/ga254/ost4sem $HOME/

If you are working in the virtual machine

 mkdir  $HOME/ost4sem/
 mkdir  $HOME/ost4sem/exercise/
 cd $HOME/ost4sem/exercise/
 tar xvzf Introduction_to_hSDM.tar.gz

Data: $HOME/scratch/ost4sem/exercise/IntroductiontohSDM/inputtxt/pointdata.txt
Directory: $HOME/scratch/ost4sem/exercise/IntroductiontohSDM/input_txt

Search a command

Change directory and create a little file from a large file:

cd $HOME/scratch/ost4sem/exercise/Introduction_to_hSDM/input_txt
head -1000 point_data.txt > point_data_small.txt

Read/explore the pointdatasmall.txt file

Run the following commands one by one.

head point_data_small.txt
more point_data_small.txt
tail point_data_small.txt

Count the line/word/character in a input.txt

wc point_data_small.txt

Search for a word in a file

grep "2004-" point_data_small.txt

I want to search for a command able to sort the input.txt table based on the Year column (YYYY).

man -k  sort

The last lines contain:
sort (1) - sort lines of text files
So i will search how to use the sort command:

man sort

Sorting a file

The -k option identify the column of sorting:

  • Sorting based on column number 2 ( -k 2,2)
  • sorting based on column number 2 and then number 1 ( -k 2,1)

See again man sort for more options like -n -g
Alfa numeric sorting:
sort -k 2,2 pointdatasmall.txt
general numerical sorting
sort -k 2,2 -g pointdatasmall.txt

string numerical sorting
sort -k 2,2 -n pointdatasmall.txt
Save the result of a command in a file by “

>" symbol


code bash> sort -k 2,2 -g pointdatasmall.txt > pointdatasmalls.txt wc -l pointdatasmall.txt </code> Which is the first and last year of observations? ===== Append the command result to a file ===== Add the result of a command in the already existing “output” file by ”»“ symbol <code bash> sort -k 3,3 -g pointdatasmall.txt » pointdatasmalls.txt wc -l pointdatasmalls.txt </code> ===== Concatenate commands ===== We want to count how many observations exist in year 2004 in the pointdata.txt
Concatenate command by the “|” symbol Search for the word “2004-” and count the line/word/character

grep "2004-" point_data.txt | wc

Use the variable

Define the value of the variable, print it by putting it in front of the $ symbol

var=21 ; echo $var

Define the value of the variable using the result of a command

var=`grep "2004-" point_data.txt | wc -l`
echo $var

Pay attention to differences between and ' \\ If the variable setting is equal to a command result and not equal to a string, use single back-quotation to include the command.
Remember var is space sensitive.
var=variable is correct

var= variable is not correct

For loop

We want to automatically count how many observations exist in the years 2004, 2005 and 2006 in the pointdata.txt file.
To solve this we can use the variable and list word/number loop function <code bash> for var in 2004- 2005- 2006-; do grep $var point
data.txt | wc -l
done </code> Now we want to automatically count how many observations exist from year 2000 to 2008 in pointdata.txt file.
For this use the serial number list loop function.
<code bash> rm input
wc.txt for 1); do

  grep ${var}- point_data.txt | wc -l  >> input_wc.txt

done </code>

var=2004 ; var⇐2006 ; var++
wiki/basicbash_hsdm.txt · Last modified: 2017/12/05 22:53 (external edit)